Sunday, October 30, 2011

Hydrotheraphy

pinjam artikel ni dari super mum Mazni...skang ni tgh berusaha wat hydrotherapy utk angel qalesya (bab ibu jadi semangat tgk angel sofea dok kodek2 dlm air) hehehe...


What is exercise and why is it so important for my child?
As a part of normal development, a child is continually moving his arms and legs, exercising as he learns to roll, crawl, move through sitting positions and walk. This spontaneous exercise is often limited in children with cerebral palsy.  They may only be capable of a few movements, relatively inactive compared with other children, limiting their amount of spontaneous exercise. Exercise is very important for children with cerebral palsy.  Exercise is defined as an activity that involves repeated body movements, with the aim to improve or maintain a level of physical fitness.In children with cerebral palsy, exercise is used to strengthen muscles, increase flexibility, improve 
respiratory function, enhance a child’s gross motor function and to have fun 

How can I encourage my child to exercise and have fun?

Swimming is a great way for you to encourage your child to exercise, have fun and learn confidence in the water.  Exercise in water is very appealing to all children.   It gives the child with cerebral palsy a freedom of movement that they may not otherwise have on land.  If a child has significant movement limitations, participation in land- based exercise may be limited. The buoyancy of water reduces the effects of gravity, poor balance and poor postural control.  It provides postural support, allowing  children with cerebral palsy to exercise with more freedom in water than they can on 
land 

The buoyancy of water creates an environment that reduces the level of impact on the child’s joints, 
providing a gentler environment for children with unstable joints to exercise and weight- bear 

Why is swimming so beneficial for my child?

Swimming has numerous benefits for children with cerebral palsy. Being in the water encourages children to move their limbs and experience the effect of movement on their body.  Warm water encourages stiff muscles to relax, and children move more easily in the water due to buoyancy. 
Water play is a great opportunity for children to experience a variety of sensory feedback.  Children 
experience the feel of the warm water, the sounds and sights of splashing and the movement of their limbs. Perceptual and visuomotor skills improve because water slows down movement and gives the child time to react and appreciate how to use their body. Swimming and playing in water  is such an integral part of play for many children,  especially with Australia’s climate.  Learning to swim will give your child the skills to participate in sport, play with his friends and family, and provide him with a means of keeping fit.  Treatment and play are inseparable in the young child. Your child will become more confident due to achievements made in the water.  As he develops the ability to move and enjoy the water, his self awareness and self- esteem will improve as well. 
What is hydrotherapy and how will it help my child?

Hydrotherapy is a water- based physiotherapy program. Hydrotherapy programs are used by physiotherapists to: 
•  increase gross motor co- ordination 
•  maintain or increase range of movement and flexibility 
•  increase muscle strength 
•  improve balance and posture 
•  improve fitness and endurance 
•  promote breathing control 
•  promote water safety and awareness 
•  develop basic swimming skills 
•  reduce muscle spasm and encourage relaxation and enjoyment 
•  encourage normal movement patterns.  
A variety of swim rings, arm ‘floaties’, pool noodles and toys are incorporated into the hydrotherapy session to promote independence and freedom of movement in the water. The children enjoy activities in the pool including acceptance of the water and buoyancy, bubble blowing and protection of the airway, kicking, splashing, floating, singing and playing. The children’s skills are progressed with the aim to complete competencies required for swimming lessons. 

What is Halliwick?
The Halliwick Method is a specific swimming program used by physiotherapists.  It is based on the scientific principles of body mechanics and the properties of water, aiming to teach people with special needs to become as safe and independent as possible in the water. The philosophy of the program is that the child is happy in the water and the emphasis is on the child’s ability, not disability.
Movement in water allows people with disabilities freedom from the constraints that they endure on dry land. No matter how severe the physical disability they can learn movement in the water. The program consists of 10 specific progressive stages that are achieved without the use of floatation devices. 

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